This is our agreement, and we swear before God and the land of our birth not to betray him to the grave. An army should be organized and a military commander of his choice should take command. Almost the same number of men signed the document, which marked a division in the ranks of the revolutionaries. The Naïan military agreement also attracted the main generals from Aguinaldo to Bonifacio, but unfortunately it lasted only as long as one minute from Cavite. We who sign below with our real names, all the leaders of the army met for a meeting chaired by the Supreme President to discuss the plight of the Pueblos and the Revolution; After understanding that some leaders committed treason by leading the force that comes from unity, by an agreement with the Spanish enemy and the deceit of the soldiers, and also by neglecting the propensity for the wounded, it is therefore our determination to save the people from this grave danger with the following means: For the first time in a hundred years since the emination by Epifanio de los Santos – the Acta de Tejeros , also little known, and its accompanying document, the Acta de Naic, are now visible in their entirety. We who sign these gifts with our real names, all the officers of the army who met in conventions under the leadership of the Supreme Chief [Bonifacio] because of the plight of the pueblos and the war, after discovering the betrayal committed by some officers who sowed discord and abhorred with the Spaniards , our enemies. corrupt the army and commit criminal negligence in the custody of the wounded. , agreed to free people from this grave danger with the means listed below: Unknown Bonifacio, the two factions would eventually close ranks against him. Bonifacio was neither a Caviteo nor a blood relative.
(His wife was Gregoria of Jesus; but, then as now, the in-laws were briefly narrowed.) Bonifacio has repeatedly called on the Tejeros conclave to go beyond the bonds of geography and kinship – to no avail. What was frightening to say about today`s anti-dynasty movement and why it was never expelled from the ground. Bonifacio`s inability to recognize the importance of families in Philippine politics was a great error of judgment that he paid dearly for. Smoke-stricking back rooms, the crushing of power and even triple commerce are not modern political inventions: all this flourished at the beginning of the first republic. Artemio Ricarte, aka “Vibora” or the Viper, is a fascinating example. On 22 March, he was elected commander of the Revolutionary Army at the Tejeros Convention in Aguinaldo. The next day, 23 March, he was sworn in in Tanza alongside Emilio Aguinaldo, who officially became the new president. In the afternoon, he had climbed to Tejeros on Bonifacio and had engaged in the denunciation of Aguinaldo by the Supremo. He would make a sworn statement – which is also up for auction – with his reasons, including electoral manipulation.
(This affidavit was repeated in Bonifacio`s last letter to Emilio Jacinto just before his arrest.) Third, any unfaithful person is punished on the spot, according to his desserts. The documents tell the story of the amazing political maneuvers and, yes, the stings that marked the birth of our country. Forty-five men, including the contested Andres Bonifacio and his brothers, signed the Acta de Tejeros (Proclamation of Tejeros) which unequivocally protested against irregularities at the Tejeros convention, which elected Emilio Aguinaldo as president and dethroned Bonifacio from his role as “supremo” of Katipunan. Second, we will not recognize anyone as endowed with full power, except for the courageous officers who, from the beginning of the war to the present moment, have never been sworn in and behaved loyally.